Rosca P, Haklai Z, Goldberger N, Zohar P, Margolis A, Ponizovsky AM.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012 Apr 6. [Epub ahead of print]
Comment: Rate of overdose mortality was 0.22/100 person-years (i.e. 0.22%), one-quarter to one-fifth the expected rate in most studies of other cohorts
Yokell MA, Zaller ND, Green TC, McKenzie M, Rich JD.
J Opioid Manag. 2012 Jan-Feb;8(1):63-6.
Comment: Buprenorphine is a partial agonist with a ceiling effect that limits the capacity for overdose among those with a tolerance to opioids. Like naloxone, buprenorphine really likes binding to opioid receptors and kicks most other opioids out. Since buprenorphine out-competes other opioids for receptors and has a ceiling effect, administration in the setting of overdose may result in reversal of opioid overdose. That said, this wouldn't be the approach I would advocate for dissemination since (1) buprenorphine could cause overdose in an opioid user with minimal tolerance and (2) buprenorphine could cause prolonged withdrawal (for over a day) in those with a very high tolerance.
Andrews JY, Kinner SA.
BMC Public Health. 2012 Apr 4;12(1):270. [Epub ahead of print]
Comment: An interesting exploration of circumstances surrounding prisoner death post-release.
Effects of concurrent intravenous morphine sulfate and naltrexone hydrochloride on end-tidal carbon dioxide.
Goli V, Webster LR, Lamson MJ, Cleveland JM, Sommerville KW, Carter E.
Harm Reduct J. 2012 Mar 15;9(1):13. [Epub ahead of print]
Comment: An intriguing analysis of whether or not injecting the pre-formulated morphine + naltrexone actually blocks the effects of morphine. It appears to partially, but not completely, block the effect.
Incidence and risk factors for non-fatal overdose among a cohort of recently incarcerated illicit drug users.
Kinner SA, Milloy MJ, Wood E, Qi J, Zhang R, Kerr T.
Addict Behav. 2012 Feb 7. [Epub ahead of print]
Comment: Prior overdose, daily or binge drug use, and public injecting are associated with nonfatal overdose among recently released drug users.
Dexmedetomidine infusion to facilitate opioid detoxification and withdrawal in a patient with chronic opioid abuse.
Upadhyay SP, Mallick PN, Elmatite WM, Jagia M, Taqi S.
Indian J Palliat Care. 2011 Sep;17(3):251-4.
Comment: An interesting use of a particular sedative to assist with opioid withdrawal in an intensive care unit.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2011 Dec;32(4):314-8.
Comment: Intriguing review of 5 cases of drug-induced death among "body packers" or "body stuffers", including a review of that language. Interestingly, most of the deaths were due to overdose on consumed drugs rather than toxicity from rupture of drug packets.